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Eptoin contains Phenytoin sodium as the active ingredient which is a commonly used antiepileptic medication.
Phenytoin acts on sodium channels on the neuronal cell membrane, limiting the spread of seizure activity and reducing seizure propagation. By promoting sodium efflux from neurons, phenytoin tends to stabilize the threshold against hyperexcitability caused by excessive stimulation or environmental changes capable of reducing membrane sodium gradient. This includes the reduction of post-tetanic potentiation at synapses. Loss of post-tetanic potentiation prevents cortical seizure foci from detonating adjacent cortical areas.
Eptoin is prescribed for:
• The control of generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal)
• Complex partial (psychomotor, temporal lobe) seizures
• Prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery
Direction to Use
Common Side Effects of Eptoin are Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), Double vision, Sleepiness, Anemia (low number of red blood cells), Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand), Gingival hyperplasia, Increased hair growth, Osteoporosis.
It causes sleepiness or drowsiness. If this happens to you, do not drive or use machinery.