Tiny mites burrow into the patients’ skin thus making them suffer from an allergic reaction causing irritation in the skin due to which the patients feel an itchy sensation and feel like scratching the affected areas time and again. This condition is known as scabies (लुतो).
This intense itching is due to the scabies mite, sometimes known as the human itch or mange mite, and it is highly contagious. Pregnant female scabies mites that burrow in the skin lay eggs all over the areas they pass through. In a matter of around 3 to 8 days, young mites hatch and travel up the burrows to the surface of the skin where they become adults and go through a mating phase thus impregnating the females which continue the infestation process and making the infected person more and more affected. The females, having laid the eggs, spend the remaining days of their life span of around 2 months at the deep end of the tunnel called mite tunnels which may be visible in the skin of the patients. However, the appearance of these tunnels may appear to be distorted because of intense scratching by the infected person.
Although these mites (scientific name: Sarcoptes scabiei) die eventually and the itching is gone after the treatment, one may still be prone to the disease if shared towels, clothing and other personal items used by those infected are not washed in hot water (with a temperature of about 50% or higher).
The doctor observes your skin carefully so as to see signs of the scabies mites and the burrows. The doctor may examine a scraping from a burrow under an electronic microscope after locating a burrow dug up by the adult mites. Some skin physicians can tell you that you are suffering from scabies without even touching you since you may have waited a long time to go to a clinic or a hospital. By this time, you may already be suffering from what is called crusted scabies, also known as Norwegian scabies, which have given rise to thick crusts on your skin due to the presence of very large numbers of mites and eggs. This is a severe form of scabies and the doctor may prescribe pills and tablets on top of the lotion and/or cream.
Scabies sufferers are often associated with negative stereotypes, such as poor hygiene. However, cleanliness has little to do with infestation: Mites underneath the outer layer of skin are resistant to water and soap and will continue to thrive even when a contaminated person bathes daily [source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention].
This condition may also be passed from one affected individual to a healthy one in sexual and nonsexual settings at home, in hospitals, in nursing homes, in prisons, in day-care centers and in any places where they live in close quarters. Any healthy person, whether she is a doctor, a nurse, a teacher, a toddler, or an elderly individual, whether they are rich or poor, may be affected by scabies. Also, it is not a sign that the affected person is not into hygiene, does not bath, careless or sexually hyperactive.
More than 300 million cases of scabies were reported in the year 2018; the affected population consisted of people from all ages, genders and races, and the most vulnerable ones prone to scabies included: those who favored multiple sex partners to a single one, those who lived in crowded cities and towns, patients, health care workers and visitors in hospitals and nursing homes, children, tutors and caregivers in day-care centers, those who stay and/or work in penitentiaries.
Doctors often prescribe a special lotion or a cream that contain permethrin or some other chemical compound. Those affected will have to use this lotion or cream by applying it to the whole body from the neck down and leave it for the night and wash their bodies in the morning. This treatment may be accompanied with the dosage of pills and tablets.
Everyone affected by scabies at home or in the workplace must be treated at the same time. Individuals with this condition are advised to make sure they do not share any personal items and get in close contact with anyone until this condition has gone away.
While it is better to wash all your belongings (used in the 2 to 4 days before your started your treatment, you may also choose to dry-clean these items or keep everything in tight plastic bags for around a week so that the mites die.
Do not buy any medical products without a doctor’s prescription. You may choose to purchase over-the-counter drugs to fight the allergies, but it is better to see a doctor first and get the necessary prescription before visiting the pharmacy or ordering it online through https://24seven.com.np.
The typical medical items prescribed by doctors are: