Diabetes is referred to as a health condition where a human body fails to convert received glucose to energy. Diabetes has been categorized into three kinds: Type 1, Type and Type 3.
Some of the scientists opine, there are problems with blood sugar control can lead to problems with thinking and memory. Though our brain is finely tuned organ, it is sensitive to the fuel that it receives which is sugar, or glucose. If a patient has diabetes whether it is type 1 or type 2, both the high sugar of blood uncontrolled diabetes and low blood sugar that sometimes comes with diabetes treatment can affect our brain. However, the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) a study group, showed that the low blood sugar in the body does not have a long-term effect on memory or the capacity to think. Study reveals that patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes are most likely to have a risk of Type 3 or Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia later in life.
There is already a pre-established link between Alzheimer and Type 2 diabetes says Mayo Clinic. Some people say Alzheimer may be triggered by the insulin resistance in the human brain while some say that Alzheimer is a diabetic on the brain. Over time, uncured diabetes can damage the human blood vessels, including blood vessels our brain. People who are unaware of having Type 2 diabetic, delays the diagnosis and appropriate treatment measures have a higher risk of being hunted by this kind of diseases.
According to the Association of Alzheimer’s, the symptoms include:
Till the date, there is no specific test for type 3 diabetes. The diagnosis of Alzheimer is done based on the following:
A doctor may ask several questions about family background and symptoms that a patient the patient is having.
Some imaging studies, such as MRI and CT scans of the head, may give the doctor a picture of how your brain working. Fluids testing like Cerebrospinal can also look for indicators of Alzheimer’s.
If a patient has symptoms of both type 2 and type 3 (Alzheimer) and hasn’t been diagnosed with either of them, the doctor may order a fasting blood sugar test and glycated haemoglobin test.
If a person has symptoms of Type 2 diabetes, they are highly recommended to consult the doctor as soon as possible so that they can begin treatment type 2 diabetes. It is important to treat Type 2 diabetes because it can minimize damage to the body, including our brain, and slow the progression of Alzheimer’s or dementia.
The separate treatment option is available for the people who have:
Changing in the lifestyle such as changing diet plan and taking time to exercise regularly, may play a big role in treating diabetes.
We can also add some of the additional treatment tips:
If you are a diabetic patient living with overweight, try losing 5 to 7 per cent of your body mass, says Mayo Clinic. Also losing percent of your body help stop organ damage caused by high blood sugar and may prevent the progression of pre-DM2 to DM2. Eating a low-fat diet, fruits, and vegetables can improve symptoms. If you are a person who smokes, quitting cigarette or any kind of tobacco products is recommended because it can also improve the condition.
If you have both Type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer, resuming treatment for your type 2 diabetes can help slow down the progression of dementia.
According to the study done in 2014, Insulin and Metformin, anti-diabetes drugs may reduce the risk of developing diabetes-induced brain damage.
Prescribed medicines to treat cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer are easily available to the drug stores, however, it is not sure about whether they have a noticeable impact on the symptoms of Alzheimer disease.
To improve the body’s cells communicate with one another, the doctor may prescribe a patient to the Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors like donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne), or rivastigmine (Exelon).
Symptoms like mood swing and depression of Alzheimer and dementia can be treated with psychotropic drugs. In some cases, anti-anxiety medicines and antidepressants become part of the treatment.
More than 50% of people with dementia manifest symptoms during the progressive illness so they may need a light dose of antipsychotic therapy.
The average life expectancy of the patient with Alzheimer is around 3 to 11 years from the time of their diagnosis. However, some of the people having Alzheimer can live as many as 20 years post-diagnosis, says Mayo Clinic.
Patients having Type 2 diabetes already, there are some ways than can be better managed and lower the risks of developing type 3 diabetes.
Following are some of the proven ways to manage Type 2 diabetes and minimize organ damage: