Type 1 diabetes can also be known as juvenile diabetes. Type 1 or juvenile diabetes occurs when a person immune system destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells are insulin-making cells. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in the people who are younger than 20, are white, have a parent or a sibling with type 1.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are often indirect but can be severe. Some symptoms are given below:
There are some signs of an emergency with type 1 diabetes which are:
The hormone that helps to move the sugar or glucose, into the tissues of the body is insulin. Cells in the body use insulin as a fuel. Due to the damage to the beta or insulin-making cells shuts off the process. Because of the absence of the insulin to do the job, sugar or glucose cannot move into the cells of the body. Instead, it builds up in the blood, and your cells starve which causes high blood pressure. People can also get Type 1 diabetes when some virus tells the immune system to go after the pancreas. The high blood pressure can lead to:
When there is a high blood sugar in a person’s body, s/he goes to the toilet frequently. That’s is only the body way of getting rid of it. A large amount of water goes out with that urine, causing the body to dry out.
When a person urines frequently, the glucose that goes while peeing takes calorie along with it. That is the simple reason why people with high blood pressure tends to lose weight in which dehydration plays a part.
Person cannot get right amount of glucose for fuel required for their body, hence it breaks down into fat cells. The fat cells create chemicals called ketones. The liver releases the sugar to help it to store but the body cannot use it without insulin, so it builds up in the blood, together with ketones. The mix of the access glucose, dryness, and acid buildup is known as Ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis diabetic can be a life-threating if not treated in the right way.
With time, the high glucose in the blood can damage the nerve and small blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, and heart. The high glucose can also make the person more likely to harden the arteries, or atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented because doctors will know all the things that caused it. But they do know that genes play a role.
People having type 1 diabetic can live long and healthy lives. They just have to keep a close eye on the sugar levels of their body. The doctor will give a range that the numbers should be. Adjusting the insulin, food, and activities as required may help people with type 1 diabetic. Every person with a type1 diabetic should take insulin shots to control their blood sugar.
When the talks about insulin, they are most likely to mention these three things:
Insulin that is available in the market are:
The doctor might start with two injections per day of two types of insulin. Later, they might give more shots.