Diabetes is a condition where patients may end up in very high or low blood sugar. Patients start taking a pill or sometimes insulin in order to reduce blood sugar. However, patients who take too much insulin end up with very low blood sugar.
Nepal comes under one of the six countries of the IDF SEA region. Around the world, the number of people having diabetes has crossed 420 million and among those 82 million people in SEA Region; by 2045 this will rise to 151 million. The data collector found 657.200 cases of diabetes in Nepal in the year 2017.
People over the 18 years of age in the United States, with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, is 30.2 million. The figure represents between 27.9 and 32.7 per cent of the overall population. Without consistent and careful management, diabetes can lead to some devastating health complications, including stroke, heart disease, nerve damage, blindness, kidney failure and amputations.
A person can be consider targeted by diabetic when one of the following occurs:
Understanding the importance of insulin in diabetic, helps us to know about how our body uses food for energy. The body of all plants and animals are made up of millions of cells. These cells need food to convert it into energy. When the food is consumed by us, the food breaks down into a simple sugar called “glucose”. That glucose is then transported to the cells of the body through the bloodstream where it can be utilized to provide energy that a body needs for daily activities.
Hormone Insulin helps to tightly regulate the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. Insulin is always released in less amount by the pancreas in the body. When the pancreas found the amount of glucose is increased to certain level glucose in the blood, it releases more insulin to push more glucose into the cells.
In order to keep the blood glucose level from getting too low which is often said hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, our body sends us a hint to eat and release some glucose from storage kept in the liver.
People are said to have diabetic either their body stops to make insulin or their body’s cells are not being able to respond to the generated insulin, which leads to the high level of sugar circulating in the blood called high blood sugar.
Diabetes are categorized into three major types.